Always Accurate,Affordable and Fast!
PharmLabs Hawaii™ provides the cannabis community and beyond with laboratory testing and analytic services to ensure consumers have access to safe medicine.
- Through laboratory testing, PharmLabs Hawaii™ will ensure safe medicine for the medical cannabis community.
- Through laboratory testing, PharmLabs Hawaii™ will arm patients in the medical cannabis community with the proper information to make an informed decision on proper dosing and type of medicines they require to best combat their specific medical condition.
PharmLabs Hawaii™ offers potency, terpene, residual solvent, heavy metal, microbiological and pesticide testing for the cannabis community and beyond!
Potency Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our potency test offers a quantitative analysis of several common psychoactive compounds found in medicinal cannabis.
Although hundreds of different cannabinoids have been identified in cannabis, our PREMIUM POTENCY TESTING establishes the amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (THCA), Cannabidiol (CBD), Cannabidiol Acid (CBDA), Cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabinol (CBN),contained in a submitted sample of medical cannabis or cannabis product.
Our PREMIUM POTENCY TESTING separates the acidic compounds from the neutral compounds and defines the decarboxylation ratio of a sample which is extremely helpful in formulations of a product and the dosing of a consumer. We recommend using our PREMIUM POTENCY TESTING for any edibles, tincture or topicals that will not be combusted during consumption. We use an established scientific method using a High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with a variable Wave Detector (VWD) for the separation and quantification of THC, THCA, CBD, CBDA, CBG, and CBN:
All results are submitted as a percentage of the dry weight of the entire sample.
With the use of Potency Testing we have the ability to help our clients with two of our most popular and important Special Services:
1. Early Leaf Cannabinoid Ratio Detection Testing
Do not waste your time and money transitioning into flower and not knowing! If you goal is to grow CBD rich medicines or achieve a specific THC:CBD ratio then we can help! We can detect CBD rich medicines from a leaf of a young plant and save you months of your precious time and tons of your hard earned money from a simple test.Click Here For More Information
2. Harvest Optimization Testing
When is the exact best time to harvest your cannabis crop to get the maximum potency out of your flower? We can help! Do not spend all your hard earned time and money and not get the maximum reward from your crop!
With harvest optimization testing we recommend our clients to test a sample from their crop:
1) A week before their normal harvest time
2) At their normal harvest time
3) A week after their normal harvest timeClick Here For More Information
Microbiological Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Results in 48-72hrs! The same conditions that are ideal for the cultivation of cannabis are also ideal for the germination of hundreds of bacteria and fungi which are found in the water, soil and air. We must remember that yeast and molds can grow in decaying vegetation and the residual moisture will also encourage bacterial growth. Also under ideal conditions, some fungi can produce toxic metabolites known as mycotoxins (ex. Aflatoxin and Ochratoxin) which can infect immunocompromised humans and cause allergic, aflatoxin and pathogenic infections such as the disease Aspergillosis. Because of this, microbiological hazards in cannabis absolutely need to be addressed. If your cannabis and all infused products are not properly tested, the medicine you are consuming can be contaminated with a variety of harmful pathogens.
Demand safe medicine.
Residual Solvent Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our Residual Solvent Testing offers a quantitative analysis of 24 solvents commonly used in the extraction of cannabinoids to make concentrated forms of cannabis. If a cannabis concentrate is not purged properly to eliminate solvents used in the extraction process; the residual solvent can remain in the concentrate when used by patients. These residual solvents remaining in the concentrates can be very harmful when inhaled or ingested. Residual solvents are typically not acutely toxic but may have a long-term effect on exposed individuals. An exposed person may exhibit eye, nose, and throat irritation, nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, allergic skin reaction and at higher levels can cause central nervous depression, respiratory and cardiac arrest. Click here for the permissible and restricted solvents in the manufacture of cannabis preparations, (taken from the American Herbal Pharmacopeial). We use an established scientific method using a Gas Chromatography Headspace Analyzer with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) for the separation and quantification of:
|2-Propanol (Isopropanol, Isopropyl alcohol)||3-Methyl-1-butanol|
|Ethyl acetate||Ethyl formate|
|Isobutyl acetate||Isopropyl acetate|
|Propyl acetate||Tert-Butyl methyl ether|
Pesticide Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
We test for 56 pesticides commonly used to grow cannabis. Our method for determining Pesticide concentration by LC-MS/MS is completely quantitative and involves an extensive sample prep procedure to ensure high sensitivity. All samples are run with accompanying standard curves containing known concentrations of pesticide standards as well quality control samples to ensure high accuracy and precision. The process begins by drying and pulverizing the plant material into a homogenous powder to ensure all parts of the flower are represented in the analysis. The material is then extracted in a special solvent that solubilizes pesticides, and these compounds are then further separated from interfering compounds using additional purification steps. We have developed our sample prep process independently in our lab and we do not use any commercially available system to extract pesticide from the flower.
Once the sample prep is complete, the sample is analyzed on a Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer which is coupled to an HPLC (Agilent 1100). Our quantitation range spans nearly 3 orders of magnitude, ranging from the low parts per billion up to 1 ppm for most of the compounds, Calibration curves and quality control analysis ensure linearity in quantitation, and this analysis is included in the report.
Pesticide residues in cannabis that has been dried and is inhaled have a direct pathway into the bloodstream. Like other foodstuffs, contaminants consumed through foods mixed with cannabis may present an exposure hazard. It is logical to assume that the prohibition on the use of a federally registered pesticide would result in a zero tolerance or allowable residue on the consumed cannabis. However, three states allow cannabis to contain pesticide residues of any federally registered pesticide up to a level less than the lowest legal residue of the pesticide on food. Oregon has set a generally acceptable level of .1ppm. This allowance of pesticide exposure does not account for the lack of EPA review of cumulative risk or toxic body burden associated with the additional exposure to pesticide residues from cannabis. Inhalation of Pesticide Residues Very little peer-reviewed research has been published on the health and safety risks associated with pesticides on dried cannabis. However, the tests that have been performed show cause for significant consumer concern, particularly medical patients or those with elevated risk factors. Studies on tobacco provide good indications of the threats that may arise from smoking pesticide-laced products and, thus, the importance of state enforcement. A 2002 study, published in the Journal of Chromatography A, found that 1.5-15.5% of pyrethroid insecticides on treated tobacco is transferred to cigarette smoke. Significant levels of pesticide residues were found within the cigarette’s cotton filter. In addition to the transference of pesticide residue from the dried plant to the smoker, burning can cause pyrolysis (decomposition) of the pesticide, forming toxic mixtures or other toxic pesticide contaminants. Additionally, unlike most packaged tobacco products, cannabis is not typically filtered when its smoke is inhaled, and therefore smokers may expose themselves to much higher levels of pesticides and degradates.
Heavy Metals Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Unfortunately, there is a potential of heavy metal exposure with the use of marijuana from cultivating the plant itself, its commercialization, and its intake methods. Soils used for growing marijuana outdoors are frequently in peri-urban locations or near abandoned industrial and mining sites. Consequently, the presence of pollutant metals such as lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and even chromium (Cr) in the soil and water tend to be more pervasive. Certain locales have been found to introduce specific contaminants such as high levels of mercury (Hg) in a particular island brand, excessive sulfur (S) in plants cultivated near a paper mill or coal furnace, and even high levels of uranium (U) in regional phosphate fertilizers. Cultivation soils used indoors can also present problems especially if non-certified fertilizers and/or pesticides containing Pb or As are used. As cannabis is a commodity typically sold by weight, some street dealers have been known to deliberately "lace" product to increase its weight. Pb is commonly used for this and in excess amounts is visible due to its consistency and white color.
Terpene Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our Terpene Testing offers a quantitative analysis of 21 major terpenes found in cannabis. Why does certain cannabis strains smell and taste a certain way? Terpenes! Terpenes are a diverse group of organic HydroCarbons (C5H8), produced by a wide variety of plants. They are important building blocks for certain odors, hormones, vitamins, pigments, steroids, resins, essential oils, and CANNABINOIDS! Terpenes interact with each other synergistically for a range of different smells, qualities, and physical effects.
There are over 120 different terpenes that can be manufactured by Cannabis, some only in trace amounts with others around 20 percent. Terpenes are produced in the Trichomes, which are the same glands where THC is produced, comprising between 10 and 20 percent of the total oils produced by the glands. About 10-29 percent of cannabis smoke resin is composed of terpenoids.
In addition to many circulatory and muscular effects, some terpenes interact with neurological receptors, bind weakly to Cannabinoid receptors, alter the permeability of cell membranes and allow in either more or less THC and affect serotonin and dopamine chemistry (neurotransmitters).
We use an established scientific method using a Gas Chromatography Headspace Analyzer with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) for the separation and quantification of:
Plant SEX Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
The Phylos Plant Sex Test analyzes DNA from seedlings to identify male and female plants within days of germination with absolute certainty. Seedlings are ready to test just after the second set of serrated leaves appear ( usually around 7 days ). Once the seedling reaches this stage the samples are collected by removing one of the cotyledon leaves and smashing it on a collection card. See instructions here.
Dr. William English an Oahu resident brings twenty years ofanalytical chemistry experience to the Hawaii pharmacology testing market. Will’s first job as an analytical chemist wasmodifying old HP GC-FID’s to test for atmospheric pollutants in remote locations. After graduate school he joined the US Armyas a biochemist. His first assignmentwas at the US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense where he wasa primary investigator studying organophosphate poisoning in biologicalmatrices. He quickly was promoted to theposition of Chief of the NeuroBehavioral Toxicology Branch. Will supervised eight senior scientists andover 40 technicians as they tackled the issues around chemically inducedneuro-crisis. After a fun and exciting year in Afghanistan Will decidedthat he never wanted to be cold again and put in for a transfer to Hawaii atthe Tripler Forensic Toxicology Drug Testing Laboratory. At the Tripler Forensic Toxicology Drug Testing LaboratoryWill was initially assigned as the Chief of Confirmation where he wasresponsible for the Extractions, GCMS, and LCMS sections. Will left active dutyin 2013 and in 2014 took the Technical Director position at the samelaboratory. During his time at the druglab Will developed and validated the hydrocodone/hydromorphone and benzodiazepineGCMS test. He also brought major changesto the MDA/MDMA test procedure. Will is excited to utilize all his prior 20 years ofknowledge and experience in the laboratory to legitimize the cannabis industry byensuring fast and accurate laboratory testing for the purity and potency ofcannabis and all cannabis related products. Will is also eager to conduct researchand studies involving cannabis that can help unlock some questions the scientificcommunity has.
We are ISO/IEC 17025:2005 Certified! So what does that mean?
We know how to get the job done right!
Test credits can be purchased at our online store, over the phone or in person at our laboratory.
- If you are a first time client, please call and make an appointment prior to stopping by our laboratory. We have convenient appointments available 7 days a week. 808-385-5303
- Medical cannabis samples can be dropped off in person to our laboratory or a sample pick up can be arranged. Call the lab to schedule a sample pick up service with PharmWheels.
- Rush orders are available for an extra fee. For samples dropped of by 3PM results will be ready by midnight!
HI Compliance Sample Size
- The amount of sample required for ALL State of Hawaii regulatory Full Service Testing (Potency, Pesticides, Microbiological, Heavy Metals and Residual Solvents) is 7g of flower, concentrate and/or oil. This is enough sample for the laboratory to have a back up sample if retesting is needed.
Quality Assurance Testing Sample Sizes
|SERVICE TYPE||FLOWER||CONCENTRATE SOLID||LIQUID||TOPICAL||EDIBLE|
|Cannabinoid / Potency||2g||2g||2.5ml||2.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Pesticide Screening||2g||2g||2.5ml||2.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Heavy Metal Screening||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Mycotoxins||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Homogeneity ||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||10 Entire packaged edibles|
|Residual Solvent||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Terpene||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Standard Microbiological||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Premium Microbilogical||2g||2g||2.5ml||2.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|State of Hawaii regulatory Full Service Testing||7g||7g||7ml||7g||Entire packaged edible|
|Above are the amount of samples needed for each service offered shown in units of g or ml|
- All potency test results will be posted to your account the next business day; by midnight or sooner all dependent on workflow, sample load and time/day of the week. We strive to get results to you within 24hrs or sooner! Wet flower samples will take longer than 24hrs. All other testing services can take up to 3 days for results.
PharmLabs Hawaii™ will provide customers with a unique customer log-in and password to access their own personal PharmLabs™ webpage. From this personal webpage customers will be able to:
- Review their current lab results
- Review a complete history of their past lab results with easy to use filters to help you find information fast
- Print their Certificate of Analysis (COA) compete with detailed graphs illustrating the results.
- Print their certified results labels (Formatted for Avery or any other generic office supply brand self adhesive labels)
- Share their certified results via a public URL over the web
- Share their certified results through our PUBLIC CATALOG
- Purchase testing credits
- Place testing orders (samples still need to be dropped off. We do offer a pick-up service for a small fee.)
- Post results automatically to WeedMaps
High resolution photographs of samples (On Certificate of Analysis and Public Results Catalog) are available for a small fee!
Kosher Kush - THC: 18.61 %, CBD: 0.23 %, CBN: 0.00 %, Moisture: 4.4%
- One important file will be a PharmLabs Hawaii™ Certificate of Analysis (COA) highlighting our findings for each product submitted for testing. We recommend our clients to print this official report to display to their customers and help increase consumer confidence and awareness. The Certificate of Analysis (COA) come in two formats including a "Compact" and "Full" version.
- Some of the other files include the Certificate of Analysis (COA) formatted into various labels in small, medium and large formats. QR code labels and Code Compliance labels are included as well. We recommend our clients to display these labels on product packaging to ensure safety and increase consumer awareness.